From Faecal Sludge Management to Inclusive, Sustainable and Safe Sanitation
Although the Joint Monitoring Report by WHO-UNICEF indicated that Bangladesh had achieved the target of 100% access to sanitation in 2015, the reality on the ground is that this achievement has not been fully supported by proper sanitation services. One of the multifaceted challenges is that there are very limited numbers of functioning sanitation facilities in the Country. People still illegally discharge domestic waste into the sewer and open drain/water body. In many instances, those are directly connected into the sewer without prior treatment through septic tank. Even in the case where septic tank or different forms of pit latrines do exist, it is often poorly designed, constructed, and maintained. It is mostly built without proper consideration on the number of users and desludging frequency. In addition to that, there is no periodic monitoring from the government. A preventative approach of safely managed sanitation facilities is much needed. If the government’s policies and standards; i.e. building codes regulating the design of these facilities are well implemented, the financial burden especially at municipal level would be much lower.